World Kidney Day: 8 Common Causes of Kidney Failure You Should Know About

 

By now we know that cancer, heart disease and obesity are some of the heavy weights in the category of major diseases in the world that are also responsible for killing millions and millions of people every year. So much have been spoken about these diseases that somehow other ailments, of significant importance too, seem to have been pushed to the background. The truth is that there are other diseases, probably resulting from our sedentary lifestyles, that are on the rise, and alarming growing every year. For example, kidney disease. According to several Indian population-based studies, the number of Indians suffering from chronic kidney ailments has doubled in the past 15 years, and at present 17 in every hundred citizens suffer from some form of kidney disease.

In an attempt to spread awareness about kidney diseases, 9th March is observed as World Kidney Day. The theme of the global campaign this year is obesity and how it plays such a crucial role in increasing the risks of kidney ailments. Kidney is an essential organ in the body. Its primary role is to remove toxins and excess fluids from the body through urine, and also maintain a good balance of body salts and other chemicals. It is also involved in controlling the production of red blood cells and regulating blood pressure.World Kidney Day: 8 Common Causes of Kidney Failure You Should Know About

So how do we prevent kidney failure and other ailments? Here are some pointers –1. Obesity is a Lead Cause

Obesity is becoming a growing worldwide epidemic, and is expected to affect more people in the years to come. One’s lifestyle habits, particularly sedentary lifestyle, are adversely impacting health. According to researchers and authors of the study – Obesity and Kidney Disease: Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic, “Obesity is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease, and also for nephrolithiasis and for kidney cancer.”

As stated on the official website of the campaign, “A growing body of evidence indicates that obesity is also a potent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). People who are overweight or obese have 2 to 7 more chances of developing ESRD compared to those of normal weight. Obesity may lead to CKD both indirectly by increasing type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease, and also by causing direct kidney damage by increasing the workload of the kidneys and other mechanisms.”

Also read: (Are You Obese? Your Child Could Inherit Obesity and Be At Health Risk)

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2. Cut Down on Red Meat

According to a study done by National University of Singapore, they found that participants who ate the largest amount of red meat had about 40 percent greater risk of developing kidney failure compared with people consuming the lowest amounts of meat. “Our findings suggest that individuals can still maintain their protein intake unless their kidney function has been severely compromised. However, to reduce the risk of end-stage renal disease, it is best to eat red meat in moderation,” said the lead author of the study Woon-Puay Koh.

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3. Good Sleep Time is Crucial

According to a study done Brigham and Women’s Hospital, shorter sleep duration can lead to a more rapid decline in kidney function. Many of the body’s processes follow a natural daily rhythm or so-called circadian clock that is based on regular sleep-wake cycles. The study found that kidney function may be compromised when this natural cycle is disrupted.

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4. Hypertension Ups Risk

About 20 per cent of India’s youth suffer from hypertension which makes them 40 percent more vulnerable to kidney damage and cardiac arrest. There is little understanding in the country of hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, which usually does not cause symptoms but gradually affects various body parts. “As many youngsters do not get to know that they are hypertensive they continue with their sedentary lifestyle,” said Gireesh Manwani, Senior Consultant (Internal Medicine), Saroj Super Speciality Hospital. “This slowly and steadily damages the kidneys and heart apart from giving rise to various other problems; it could even be fatal.”

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5. Say No to Junk Food

According to a study by Anglia Ruskin University in Britain, a diet that relies mostly on junk food or processed food may cause long-term damage to the kidneys and trigger diabetes. “Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes both induce changes in glucose transport in the kidney but junk food or a diet high in fat causes changes that are very similar to those found in Type 2 diabetes,” said Havovi Chichger, lead author of the study.

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6. Cut Down on Sugar

Dr. Anshul Jai Bharat, a Delhi-based Nutritionist, says, “Most processed food products contain too much sugar, so when it goes to your system it leads to hormonal imbalance and also your blood profile changes. High consumption of these empty calories can cause obesity and diabetes – diseases that directly impact the functioning of your kidneys. You can treat yourself to your favourite dessert or a fast food burger sometimes as long as it does not replace your daily balanced diet.”

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7. Keep a Check on Phosphorous Intake

Health experts and doctors have issued a warning against excess phosphorous in the human body claiming that it may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease where the phosphate levels in the body shoot up to abnormally high levels. According to them, muscle cramps, numbness, tingling, bone or joint pain and rash are all the symptoms of hyperphosphatemia and people who experience them quite often should consult a doctor at the earliest. Foods that should be strictly avoided, or at least consumed in moderation include soft drinks, chocolates, tinned milk and processed meat,” suggests Neerja Jain who works in Nephrology department at Ram Manohar Lohia (RML) hospital.

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8. Pollution is to Blame As Well

According to a study by George Institute for Global Health, climate change may be accelerating the rate of chronic kidney disease caused by dehydration and heat stress. The research paper, published in Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), suggests that a condition called heat stress nephropathy may represent a disease of neglected populations but one that may emerge as a major cause of poor kidney health in the near future.

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The five signs your mental health is under strain and why you should not ignore them

A leading mental health charity has warned people not to ignore the five less familiar symptoms of depression and anxiety.

As Mental Health Awareness Week (May 8-14) gets under way the government and health charities remain committed to increasing awareness of mental health and its symptoms.

Licy Lyus, the information manager at the charity Mind, set out the less well-known symptoms of depression and anxiety.

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1. You are becoming less sociable

Depression and anxiety could stop someone socially interacting with other people and isolate them according to the leading health charity Mind

Depression and anxiety could stop someone socially interacting with other people and isolate them according to the leading health charity Mind

You may not do the kind of things you used to such as visiting friends and family and you may find yourself cancelling social events.

‘Having down days is a perfectly normal part of human nature, and usually these feelings will pass without having any major impact on your life. But if the feelings don’t go away after a couple of weeks, get worse or keep returning, and you no longer enjoy things you normally would, it could be a sign that you’re experiencing depression,’ she told The Independent.

2. You are having trouble concentrating

Concentration levels and ability to remember things can be affected by mental illness

Concentration levels and ability to remember things can be affected by mental illness

You might have difficulty thinking and speaking clearly and have problems with your concentration levels and memory.

‘If you find your concentration is worse than usual, or that you’re having trouble with things like punctuality and decision-making at work or school, this might be a symptom of living with a mental health problem,’ she said.

3. You are having problems with sleep

Problems sleeping at night or difficulty getting up in the morning could be a sign of depression and anxiety

Problems sleeping at night or difficulty getting up in the morning could be a sign of depression and anxiety

If you are having difficulty getting up in the morning and sleep excessively, it could be a sign of depression or anxiety.

Problems getting to sleep at night could also be a symptom of poor mental health.

‘There is a close relationship between sleep and mental health, and sleep deprivation can also make your mental health worse,’ she said.

4. You feel detached or numb

Sufferers may find themselves experiencing what Licy Lyus, information manager at Mind, described as 'a sense of unreality.'

Sufferers may find themselves experiencing what Licy Lyus, information manager at Mind, described as ‘a sense of unreality.’

Depression and anxiety could give you what Lyus describes as ‘a sense of unreality,’ making it hard for you to connect to everything going on around you.

‘For example, you might be sitting in a meeting at work and find it difficult to keep up with what people are saying, or feel as though you’re not really there’, she said.

5. You have physical symptoms

Some people may feel nauseous and have other physical signs as a result of depression and anxiety

Some people may feel nauseous and have other physical signs as a result of depression and anxiety

Depression and anxiety might cause you to sweat and shake and feel nauseous. You may even have a panic attack.

It may also affect your diet, stopping you eating as well as you did, and you may start neglecting your personal hygiene.

Almost two-thirds of people in the UK have suffered from a mental health problem according to a study commissioned by the Mental Health Foundation.

Research that lays bare the growing problem of mental ill-health to an NHS buckling under huge patient demand found that seven in 10 women, young adults aged 18-34 and people living alone had also experienced a mental health problem at some time in their lives.

Only 13% of people were found to be living with high levels of good mental health. 

A report by the Mental Health Foundation found that a large proportion of people in the UK have suffered from a mental health problem at some time during their lives

A report by the Mental Health Foundation found that a large proportion of people in the UK have suffered from a mental health problem at some time during their lives

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4491148/Five-familiar-signs-poor-mental-health-revealed.html#ixzz4iu979TZZ
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More than four in 10 people said they had suffered from depression and over a quarter had experienced panic attacks.

The study, in which 2,290 people were interviewed online and over the phone in England, Scotland and Wales, linked poor mental health with low income and unemployment.

Almost three in four people living in the lowest household incomes said they had suffered a mental health problem compared with six in 10 people in the highest income households.

Unemployed people are vulnerable to ill mental health with 85% of those interviewed saying they had experienced a mental health problem

Unemployed people are vulnerable to ill mental health with 85% of those interviewed saying they had experienced a mental health problem

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4491148/Five-familiar-signs-poor-mental-health-revealed.html#ixzz4iu9A4P00
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Eighty-five percent of those unemployed experienced a mental health problem compared with two-thirds of working people and just over half of retired people. Better mental health was seen in people over 55.

‘People aged 55 and above are the most likely to take positive steps to help themselves deal better with everyday life – including spending time with friends and family, going for a walk, spending more time on interests, getting enough sleep, eating healthily and learning new things,’ said the report, ‘Surviving or Thriving? The state of the UK’s mental health.’

The research carried out by NatCen on behalf of the Mental Health Foundation.

 

CBSE also makes mistakes, should not have scrapped re-evaluation policy: Delhi HC

 

The Delhi High Court on Friday orally observed that the CBSE ought not have done away with its re-evaluation policy as it also makes mistakes in evaluation of answer sheets.

“You (CBSE) should not have done that. You too make mistakes,” Justice Sanjeev Sachdeva said while hearing a student’s plea for re-evaluation of her class 12 board exam answer sheets of English and Maths subjects.

In response, the lawyer for the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) said the re-evaluation policy was scrapped as there were only 0.21% mistakes out of the 10 lakh students who undertake the board exams across the country.

To this the court remarked that it would mean “careers of 2100 students are at stake”.

“We all know what happens on a fraction of a mark or percentage,” the court added.CBSE

While the court did not pass any order on the student’s plea for re-evaluation, it told CBSE that if she has made an application for a copy of the answer sheets it be provided to her.

Regarding the student’s plea for a direction to the board to carry out re-verification of her answer sheets, the CBSE lawyer said re-verification has been carried out and there is no change in her marks.

The lawyer said the outcome of re-verification would be uploaded on its website.

The court, thereafter, listed the matter for hearing on June 19 as the CBSE in another similar matter had submitted that it will on that date be challenging an Orissa High Court order directing it to re-evaluate answer sheets of 159 students of the state.

The Orissa High Court order had come after the CBSE lawyer there had submitted that re-evaluation can still be carried out.

In the other similar matter, the CBSE told the court that the submission made before the Orissa High Court was incorrect.