World Kidney Day: 8 Common Causes of Kidney Failure You Should Know About

 

By now we know that cancer, heart disease and obesity are some of the heavy weights in the category of major diseases in the world that are also responsible for killing millions and millions of people every year. So much have been spoken about these diseases that somehow other ailments, of significant importance too, seem to have been pushed to the background. The truth is that there are other diseases, probably resulting from our sedentary lifestyles, that are on the rise, and alarming growing every year. For example, kidney disease. According to several Indian population-based studies, the number of Indians suffering from chronic kidney ailments has doubled in the past 15 years, and at present 17 in every hundred citizens suffer from some form of kidney disease.

In an attempt to spread awareness about kidney diseases, 9th March is observed as World Kidney Day. The theme of the global campaign this year is obesity and how it plays such a crucial role in increasing the risks of kidney ailments. Kidney is an essential organ in the body. Its primary role is to remove toxins and excess fluids from the body through urine, and also maintain a good balance of body salts and other chemicals. It is also involved in controlling the production of red blood cells and regulating blood pressure.World Kidney Day: 8 Common Causes of Kidney Failure You Should Know About

So how do we prevent kidney failure and other ailments? Here are some pointers –1. Obesity is a Lead Cause

Obesity is becoming a growing worldwide epidemic, and is expected to affect more people in the years to come. One’s lifestyle habits, particularly sedentary lifestyle, are adversely impacting health. According to researchers and authors of the study – Obesity and Kidney Disease: Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic, “Obesity is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease, and also for nephrolithiasis and for kidney cancer.”

As stated on the official website of the campaign, “A growing body of evidence indicates that obesity is also a potent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). People who are overweight or obese have 2 to 7 more chances of developing ESRD compared to those of normal weight. Obesity may lead to CKD both indirectly by increasing type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease, and also by causing direct kidney damage by increasing the workload of the kidneys and other mechanisms.”

Also read: (Are You Obese? Your Child Could Inherit Obesity and Be At Health Risk)

obesity 620x350

2. Cut Down on Red Meat

According to a study done by National University of Singapore, they found that participants who ate the largest amount of red meat had about 40 percent greater risk of developing kidney failure compared with people consuming the lowest amounts of meat. “Our findings suggest that individuals can still maintain their protein intake unless their kidney function has been severely compromised. However, to reduce the risk of end-stage renal disease, it is best to eat red meat in moderation,” said the lead author of the study Woon-Puay Koh.

red meat 620

3. Good Sleep Time is Crucial

According to a study done Brigham and Women’s Hospital, shorter sleep duration can lead to a more rapid decline in kidney function. Many of the body’s processes follow a natural daily rhythm or so-called circadian clock that is based on regular sleep-wake cycles. The study found that kidney function may be compromised when this natural cycle is disrupted.

sleep

4. Hypertension Ups Risk

About 20 per cent of India’s youth suffer from hypertension which makes them 40 percent more vulnerable to kidney damage and cardiac arrest. There is little understanding in the country of hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, which usually does not cause symptoms but gradually affects various body parts. “As many youngsters do not get to know that they are hypertensive they continue with their sedentary lifestyle,” said Gireesh Manwani, Senior Consultant (Internal Medicine), Saroj Super Speciality Hospital. “This slowly and steadily damages the kidneys and heart apart from giving rise to various other problems; it could even be fatal.”

blood pressure

5. Say No to Junk Food

According to a study by Anglia Ruskin University in Britain, a diet that relies mostly on junk food or processed food may cause long-term damage to the kidneys and trigger diabetes. “Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes both induce changes in glucose transport in the kidney but junk food or a diet high in fat causes changes that are very similar to those found in Type 2 diabetes,” said Havovi Chichger, lead author of the study.

junk food 620x350

6. Cut Down on Sugar

Dr. Anshul Jai Bharat, a Delhi-based Nutritionist, says, “Most processed food products contain too much sugar, so when it goes to your system it leads to hormonal imbalance and also your blood profile changes. High consumption of these empty calories can cause obesity and diabetes – diseases that directly impact the functioning of your kidneys. You can treat yourself to your favourite dessert or a fast food burger sometimes as long as it does not replace your daily balanced diet.”

sugar

7. Keep a Check on Phosphorous Intake

Health experts and doctors have issued a warning against excess phosphorous in the human body claiming that it may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease where the phosphate levels in the body shoot up to abnormally high levels. According to them, muscle cramps, numbness, tingling, bone or joint pain and rash are all the symptoms of hyperphosphatemia and people who experience them quite often should consult a doctor at the earliest. Foods that should be strictly avoided, or at least consumed in moderation include soft drinks, chocolates, tinned milk and processed meat,” suggests Neerja Jain who works in Nephrology department at Ram Manohar Lohia (RML) hospital.

cola 620x350

8. Pollution is to Blame As Well

According to a study by George Institute for Global Health, climate change may be accelerating the rate of chronic kidney disease caused by dehydration and heat stress. The research paper, published in Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), suggests that a condition called heat stress nephropathy may represent a disease of neglected populations but one that may emerge as a major cause of poor kidney health in the near future.

delhi pollution 620

Minister bats for a minimalist lifestyle on Environment Day

 

No meeting like the one in Paris or any law can preserve the environment if people don’t come forward to address the issue, Union minister Harsh Vardhan today said on the eve of World Environment Day.

Addressing a function, the minister said it is futile to celebrate World Environment Day if people don’t inculcate in themselves the idea of conserving the environment throughout the year and batted for a minimalist lifestyle to save the planet.

He also mooted that the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) take up the role of a facilitator, and not just a regulator, by initiating proactive steps for conservation of earth with the involvement of people.

“No law or meetings in Paris can protect our environment.

It can only happen if people become aware of the issues and do things on their own to protect it. All NGOs should work together to achieve this goal,” the minister said.

India has said it is committed to the Paris agreement “irrespective” of the stand taken by any other country after the United States announced its withdrawal from the UN climate deal.

Advocating a change in lifestyle to save environment, especially in the cities, the minister said, “we should learn how to lead simpler lives, simple thought, the concept of early to bed and early to rise, to eat less, to live long”.

He urged the people to opt for public transport and cycles more, reduce the use of air-conditioners and work towards realising the Prime Minister’s vision of Swachh Bharat and cleanliness.

He also appealed to the people to use water judiciously.Image result for Minister bats for a minimalist lifestyle on Environment Day

He directed the ministry officials to start water conservation in the right earnest in the Environment Ministry itself.

He stressed that the Ministry should “not work only as a regulator, but more like a facilitator in a true sense”.

Asking officials to not make it merely “a department for approvals”, Harsh Vardhan said that they should initiate steps to save environment and involve children in these endeavours.

He also expressed unhappiness over the way awards were given to mark the day.

“We should do a rethink at these awards that are given out on this day. Why have only three children been awarded? They are being given a very meagre amount, it is unacceptable,” he said.

Three students were chosen in different categories for their contribution towards the environment and were given cash rewards of Rs 5000, Rs 6000 and Rs 10,000.

The minister said that the environment ministry should replicate schemes of the ministry of science and technology( (MST). Three lakh students are awarded every year by the MST.

Harsh Vardhan, who headed MST, was given additional charge of MoEF following the demise of Anil Madhav Dave.

He also said that such students should be supported further by the ministry in their future endeavours.

“To inspire the quest for science, the MoEF should look at ‘Jigyasa’ (curiosity) programme which was created in collaboration with the HRD Ministry, under which school children will come to CSIR (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research) labs to see for themselves the work being done there,” he said.

“Our ancestors had given us pure air, water and earth, they had given us rich forests and great soil.

“They had also given us teachings on how to preserve them. If we had kept our environment clean, then we wouldn’t need climate change conferences. In order to deliver new India, all our contributions are needed,” said Harsh Vardhan.

Books detailing the new discoveries of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) and Botanical Survey of India (BSI) were released by Harsh Vardhan on the occasion.

A mobile App and Web GIS of Faunal information of Wildlife Sanctuaries for ZSI were also launched by the Minister on the occasion.

A brochure on ‘Training Modules for the Pilot: Green Skill Development Programme’ was also released.

The UN has chosen the theme of connecting people to nature for the World Environment Day this year.

(This article has not been edited by DNA’s editorial team and is auto-generated from an agency feed.)