WHO Lists 12 Deadly Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and the Urgent Need for New Drugs

 

There are all sorts of diseases in the world, and every once in a while comes a certain ‘microorganism’ which creates havoc in the form of dangerous diseases like Ebola, Swine Flu, Bird Flu, and the like. Scientists have time and again come up with effective antibiotics to control the diseases and save lives, but the shocking part is that each year these microbes come back twice as more potent and resistant to the antibiotics. As such it is a constant struggle to reinvent and find effective cures. In such cases, intensive research is the only thing that can save lives as scientists discover more characteristics and behaviour of the triggers.

Recently, WHO published the first-ever list of antibiotic-resistant “priority pathogens” that included 12 families of bacteria that pose the greatest threat to human health. The intention was to spread awareness, as well as guide and promote research and development of new antibiotics. There is a serious concern on the growing global resistance to antimicrobial medicines.
(How Antibiotics May Make You More Prone to Infections)WHO Lists 12 Deadly Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and the Urgent Need for New Drugs

What Did the List Include?

According to the global health body, the list is divided into three categories according to the urgency of need for new antibiotics: critical, high and medium priority.

“The most critical group of all includes multi-drug resistant bacteria that pose a particular threat in hospitals, nursing homes, and among patients whose care requires devices such as ventilators and blood catheters. They include Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and various Enterobacteriaceae (including Klebsiella, E. coli, Serratia, and Proteus),” said a WHO statement.

It said that all the bacteria can cause severe and often deadly infections such as bloodstream infections and pneumonia.

“These bacteria have become resistant to a large number of antibiotics, including carbapenems and third generation cephalosporins – the best available antibiotics for treating multi-drug resistant bacteria,” said the report.
(Rare Disease Day: 7 Most Rare Diseases in the World and the Importance of Research)

bacteria

High- Medium Priority Type

The second tier includes antibiotics of high priority – for Enterococcus faecium, which is vancomycin-resistant; Staphylococcus aureus, which is methicillin-resistant; Helicobacter pylori, which is clarithromycin-resistant; Campylobacter spp, which is fluoroquinolone-resistant; Salmonellae, which is fluoroquinolone-resistant; and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which is cephalosporin and fluoroquinolone-resistant.

The third tier includes medium priority antibiotics for Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is penicillin-non-susceptible; Haemophilus influenzae, which is ampicillin-resistant; and Shigella spp, which is fluoroquinolone-resistant.

“This list is a new tool to ensure research and development responds to urgent public health needs,” said WHO’s Assistant Director-General for Health Systems and Innovation Marie-Paule Kieny in the statement.

Evelina Tacconelli, Head of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of Tubingen and a major contributor to the list, said, “New antibiotics targeting this priority list of pathogens will help to reduce deaths due to resistant infections around the world.

“Waiting any longer will cause further public health problems and dramatically impact on patient care.”

gut bacteria

 

JKBOSE Class 12 exam 2016: Jammu division results declared, check them here

 

Jammu and Kashmir Board of School Education (JKBOSE) has declared the results of Higher Secondary (Class 12) part two annual 2016 (W/Z) and bi-annual-2016 (S/Z) private exam for Jammu division on its official website.(Ravi Kumar/HT file)

Jammu and Kashmir Board of School Education (JKBOSE) has declared the results of Higher Secondary (Class 12) part two annual 2016 (W/Z) and bi-annual-2016 (S/Z) private exam for Jammu division on its official website.Candidates can check their results on board’s official website.

Steps to check the results:JKBOSE

1) Go to the official website of JKBOSE

2) Click on the link ‘Result of Higher Secondary Part Two, Annual 2016 (W/Z) & Bi-Annual-2016 (S/Z) (Private)-Jammu’ in the latest results section on the right

3) Key in your roll number and click on submit

4) The result will be displayed on the screen

5) Take a print-out

Or click here to directly go to the login page for results.

The state school education board had in January declared results of Higher Secondary (Class 12) part two examinations for 2016 (regular) – Jammu (Winter Zone) candidates.

 

West Bengal Class 10 and 12 board exam results expected on May 10 and May 16

 

Education boards in West Bengal are expected to release the results of the madhyamik or Class 10 board examination and uchha madhyamik or Class 12 examination on May 10 and May 16 respectively.

Education boards in West Bengal are expected to release the results of the madhyamik or Class 10 board examination and uchha madhyamik or Class 12 examination on May 10 and May 16 respectively, officials said on Thursday.

The results of both the exams will be available on the state school education department’s official website. The results will also be uploaded on the respective websites of West Bengal Board of Secondary Examination (WBBSE) and West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE).

The number of girls, who took the madhyamik or secondary and higher secondary or uchha madhyamik exams in the state, exceeded that of boys this year as in 2016.

Nearly 6 lakh girls appeared for the madhyamik exam, 23% more than the number of boys at 4,80,000. The trend was similar in uchha madhyamik exam in which 3,79,698 girls and 3,64,809 boys took the exam.West Bengal Board exam results

West Bengal education minister Partha Chattopadhyay said the Kanyashree scheme, a pet project of chief minister Mamata Banerjee, has been instrumental in encouraging girls to continue their education.

The scheme encourages families to keep their daughters in school rather than marrying them off at an early age.

“Kanyashree has been a visionary idea by our chief minister, the positive impact of which can be felt in the sharp increase of female examinees in these two board examinations,” Chattopadhyay said.

Last year, the madhyamik pass percentage was 81.80 and that of uchha madhyamik was 81.33%.

“This year, the figure is expected to be somewhat same,” an official of the state education department said.

 

CBSE Class 12 results 2017: Cheating cases doubled over last year

 

According to CBSE official, 56 cases were reported from across the country last year, 119 cases were reported this year. Photo: PTI

New Delhi: The number of cheating cases reported in the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 12th examination this year is more than double the last year’s figure.

According to a CBSE official, while 56 cases were reported from across the country last year, 119 cases were reported this year. The highest number has been reported from Rajasthan’s Ajmer with 54 cheating cases while 3 cases were reported from the region last year.According to CBSE official, 56 cases were reported from across the country last year, 119 cases were reported this year. Photo: PTI

Delhi saw the number come down from 12 to 8 whereas in Guwahati, the cases increased from 9 to 27. The number of cases in UP’s Allahabad has gone down from 7 to 3 while Dehradun’s figure jumped from 4 to 9. Chandigarh’s Panchkula also reported 8 cheating cases as against 4 last year. The CBSE officials attribute the higher number of cases to strict measures to check cheating in exams.

Also read: CBSE Class 12 results 2017: Board not to mention grace marks on mark sheets

No cases were reported from Thiruvananthapuram and Bhubaneswar this year and Patna recorded one less cheating case at eight. The CBSE had on Sunday announced results for Class 12th examination registering a dip of over one per cent in pass percentage.

Among the 10.2 lakh students who appeared for the exams, 8.37 lakh cleared them, while over one lakh have been placed for the 2017 compartment exams.